Why Save Tigers ?
The presence of tiger symbolizes a healthy ecosystem as it is an umbrella species.
Tiger is symbol of wilderness and well-being of the ecosystem. By conserving and
saving tigers the entire wilderness of ecosystem is conserved. In nature, barring
human beings and their domesticate, rest of the ecosystem is wild. Hence conserving
wilderness is important and crucial to maintain the life support system. So, saving
tiger amounts to saving the ecosystem which is crucial for man's own survival.
The Project Tiger
The Government of India had launched "Project Tiger" on 1st April
1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species
conservation initiative of its kind in the world. While the field implementation
of the project, protection and management in the designated reserves is done by
the project States, who also provide the matching grant to recurring items of expenditure,
deploy field staff/officers, and give their salaries, the Project Tiger Directorate
of the Ministry of Environment and Forests was mandated with the task of providing
technical guidance and funding support.
The implementation of Project Tiger over the years has highlighted the need for
a statutory authority with legal backing to ensure tiger conservation. On the basis
of the recommendations of National Board for Wild Life chaired by the Hon'ble Prime
Minister, a Task Force was set up to look into the problems of tiger conservation
in the country. The recommendations of the said Task Force, interlaid include strengthening
of Project Tiger by giving it statutory and administrative powers, apart from creating
the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau. It has also recommended that an annual report
should be submitted to the Central Government for laying in Parliament, so that
commitment to Project Tiger is reviewed from time to time, in addition to addressing
the concerns of local people. Broadly the urgent recommendations of the said Task
Force are as below:
Reinvigorating the constitution of governance.
Strengthening efforts towards protection of tiger, checking poaching, convicting
wildlife criminals and breaking the international trade network in wildlife body
parts and derivatives.
Expanding the undisturbed areas for tiger by reducing human pressure.
Repair the relationship with local people who share the tigers habitat by fielding
strategies for coexistence.
Regenerate the forest habitats in the fringes of the tigers protective enclaves
by investing in forest, water and grassland economies of the people.
National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA)
Considering the urgency of the situation, Project Tiger has been converted into
a statutory authority (National Tiger Conservation Authority) by providing enabling
provisions in the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 through an amendment, viz. Wild
Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006. This forms one of the urgent recommendations
of the Tiger Task Force appointed by the Prime Minister. The NTCA addresses the
ecological as well as administrative concerns for conserving tigers, by providing
a statutory basis for protection of tiger reserves, apart from providing strengthened
institutional mechanisms for the protection of ecologically sensitive areas and
endangered species. The Authority also ensures enforcing of guidelines for tiger
conservation and monitoring compliance of the same, apart from placement of motivated
and trained officers having good track record as Field Directors of tiger reserves.
It also facilitates capacity building of officers and staff posted in tiger reserves,
apart from a time bound staff development plan. The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment
Act, 2006 has come into force with effect from the 4th of September, 2006, and the
NTCA has also been constituted on the same date.
Click here to go to NTCA website